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[ Read Online The Guarded Gate ✓ graphic-novels-comics PDF ] by Daniel Okrent ✓ Recently I learned that the Trump administration finally concluded a tariff deal with Mexico which had a number of components related to illegal immigration into the United States Apart from Trump s stupefying rhetoric surrounding his wall and other asinine comments like, why are we having so many people from these shithole countries come here, immigration and race have become litmus tests for certain politicians This political atmosphere in the United States makes Daniel Okrent s new book, The Guarded Gate BIGOTRY, EUGENICS, AND THE LAW THAT KEPT TWO GENERATIONS OF JEWS, ITALIANS, AND OTHER EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS OUT OF AMERICA an important contribution to the background history of our current views of people who are trying to escape tyranny and poverty and come to the United States Okrent focuses on what he describes as the perverse form of sc This is a well written and easy to read history of the immigration restriction movement from the late 19th and early 20th centuries It begins with a bunch of Boston Brahmins who were horrified to find their lovely little Boston infested with all these Italians and Jews They form their own group, the Immigration Restriction League It had support from upper crust intellectuals and politicians It was never a mass movement, but it had support from, well, from the right sort of people you might say But they couldn t get their stuff passed They pushed for a Literacy Test to limit immigration, and they couldn t get it over the finish line From Pres Cleveland onward, it would get vetoed Or killed in committee in Congress Eventually, the movement aligned with eugenics, the pseudo science that spoke of improving the racial stock of a society This Must read book for immigration advocates and lawyers Exposes the intellectual forebears of today s restrictionists Most shocking fact for me The US Government allowed these scientific racists to test than a million US Army recruits so that they could use the test results to prove that immigrants were inherently inferior to native born Americans The intelligence test was an English language current events test, not an intelligence test, but the fact that the test made no sense apparently escaped the notice of Army leadership.
Okrent has provided us with an exhaustive and some might say exhausting study of how science was enlisted by American politicians, academics and public figures to serve bigotry and racism in the early twentieth century It is a revealing look at American politics and society from even colonial times The venerated Benjamin Franklin thought immigrants were the most stupid of their birth society, and he feared being outnumbered by them they were mostly German.
From the mid nineteenth century to 1890, immigration from Europe increased many fold, and much of it was of the undesirable groups Catholics and Jews from southern and eastern Europe The aristocratic grandees of Boston and New York felt threatened by being outnumbered by them, a Recently I learned that the Trump administration finally concluded a tariff deal with Mexico which had a number of components related to illegal immigration into the United States Apart from Trump s stupefying rhetoric surrounding his wall and other asinine comments like, why are we having so many people from these shithole countries come here, immigration and race have become litmus tests for certain politicians This political atmosphere in the United States makes Daniel Okrent s new book, The Guarded Gate BIGOTRY, EUGENICS, AND THE LAW THAT KEPT TWO GENERATIONS OF JEWS, ITALIANS, AND OTHER EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS OUT OF AMERICA an important contribution to the background history of our current views of people who are trying to escape tyranny and poverty and come to the United States Okrent focuses on what he describes as the perverse form of sc This is a well written and easy to read history of the immigration restriction movement from the late 19th and early 20th centuries It begins with a bunch of Boston Brahmins who were horrified to find their lovely little Boston infested with all these Italians and Jews They form their own group, the Immigration Restriction League It had support from upper crust intellectuals and politicians It was never a mass movement, but it had support from, well, from the right sort of people you might say But they couldn t get their stuff passed They pushed for a Literacy Test to limit immigration, and they couldn t get it over the finish line From Pres Cleveland onward, it would get vetoed Or killed in committee in Congress Eventually, the movement aligned with eugenics, the pseudo science that spoke of improving the racial stock of a society This Must read book for immigration advocates and lawyers Exposes the intellectual forebears of today s restrictionists Most shocking fact for me The US Government allowed these scientific racists to test than a million US Army recruits so that they could use the test results to prove that immigrants were inherently inferior to native born Americans The intelligence test was an English language current events test, not an intelligence test, but the fact that the test made no sense apparently escaped the notice of Army leadership.
Okrent has provided us with an exhaustive and some might say exhausting study of how science was enlisted by American politicians, academics and public figures to serve bigotry and racism in the early twentieth century It is a revealing look at American politics and society from even colonial times The venerated Benjamin Franklin thought immigrants were the most stupid of their birth society, and he feared being outnumbered by them they were mostly German.
From the mid nineteenth century to 1890, immigration from Europe increased many fold, and much of it was of the undesirable groups Catholics and Jews from southern and eastern Europe The aristocratic grandees of Boston and New York felt threatened by being outnumbered by them, a Most of us, I imagine, are familiar with the Emma Lazarus poem, The New Colossus , inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty, which includes the lines Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore Send these, the homeless, tempest tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door Many associate these lines as symbol of our Country, a welcoming message to immigrants, and a reminder that we re a nation of immigrants However, as Daniel Okrent makes clear in his recent book, The Guarded Gate , our national history hasn t consistently followed that sentiment Recently, President Trump had taken a strong anti immigrant stance during his campaign for President, and made a border wall and limited immigration a big part of his Administration s goals And with immigration such a hot button topic today, it s worthwh I truly had no idea the depths my country sank to in the pursuit of a perfect America I knew there were severely restricted immigration policies, but knew very little about the horrible eugenic theories that guided these policies Powerful book Review to come.
By The Widely Celebrated New York Times Bestselling Author Of Last Call The Powerful, Definitive, And Timely Account Of How The Rise Of Eugenics Helped America Close The Immigration Door To Inferiors In The SA Forgotten, Dark Chapter Of American History With Implications For The Current Day, The Guarded Gate Tells The Story Of The Scientists Who Argued That Certain Nationalities Were Inherently Inferior, Providing The Intellectual Justification For The Harshest Immigration Law In American History Brandished By The Upper Class Bostonians And New Yorkers Many Of Them Progressives Who Led The Anti Immigration Movement, The Eugenic Arguments Helped Keep Hundreds Of Thousands Of Jews, Italians, And Other Unwanted Groups Out Of The US For Than Years Over Five Years In The Writing, The Guarded Gate Tells The Complete Story From Its Beginning In , When Henry Cabot Lodge And Other Boston Brahmins Launched Their Anti Immigrant Campaign In , Vice President Calvin Coolidge Declared That Biological Laws Had Proven The Inferiority Of Southern And Eastern Europeans The Restrictive Law Was Enacted Three Years Later In His Characteristic Style, Both Lively And Authoritative, Okrent Brings To Life The Rich Cast Of Characters From This Time, Including Lodge S Closest Friend, Theodore Roosevelt Charles Darwin S First Cousin, Francis Galton, The Idiosyncratic Polymath Who Gave Life To Eugenics The Fabulously Wealthy And Profoundly Bigoted Madison Grant, Founder Of The Bronx Zoo, And His Best Friend, H Fairfield Osborn, Director Of The American Museum Of Natural History Margaret Sanger, Who Saw Eugenics As A Sensible Adjunct To Her Birth Control Campaign And Maxwell Perkins, The Celebrated Editor Of Hemingway And Fitzgerald A Work Of History Relevant For Today, The Guarded Gate Is An Important, Insightful Tale That Painstakingly Connects The American Eugenicists To The Rise Of Nazism, And Shows How Their Beliefs Found Fertile Soil In The Minds Of Citizens And Leaders Both Here And Abroad This book zeroes in really tightly on the rise of the eugenics movement in the first two decades of the 20th century If what you want is a rigorous critique of eugenics thinking and scholarship, I still think the definitive book is Stephen Jay Gould s The Mismeasure of Man however, what this book does extremely well is demonstrate the ways in which eugenics as an intellectual movement attempting to prove scientifically that there are intrinsic differences between races is not just fraudulent but intrinsically tied to anti immigrant racism Okrent shows how tight the connections were between white anxiety about the pollution of traditionally white elite spaces like Ivy League colleges the terror that Harvard wo Rating 3.
5The Guarded Gate tells the story of the enactment of the 1924 Johnson Reed Immigration Act, which severely limited immigration to the United States from Italy and other southern and eastern European countries by imposing strict and small quotas based on nationality In addition to the impact on Italians who were in disfavor with elites in the US at that point the law particularly impacted Jews in Russia and Poland, as well as German Jews Author Okrent is especially concerned with the 30 year run up to the passage of the law, during which time Darwin s theories and Gregor Mendel s genetic discoveries mutated into an applied science, eugenics, which argued that genetics was racial as well as individual Proponents identified three European races Nordic the good guys good looking , smart, organized, hard wo Okrent gives a well written and documented account of restrictive immigration in the early 20th century, Eugenics and scientific racism which backed it, and the horrifying consequences The immigration law put into place in 1924 put in place a quota system, based on immigration numbers from 1894, which greatly restricted immigration from southern and eastern European countries Asian immigration had been halted in the late 19th century While based on country, it was driven primarily by the concept of race and a desire to protect the Nordic race Britain and Scandinavia in the US and keep it pure This immigration policy remained in effect throughout WWII preventing the immigration of many who were slaughtered I had no idea how widespread and popular Eugenics ideas were in the US during that time The names of well known people who at some level accepted it a



I truly had no idea the depths my country sank to in the pursuit of a perfect America I knew there were severely restricted immigration policies, but knew very little about the horrible eugenic theories that guided these policies Powerful book Review to come.
Most of us, I imagine, are familiar with the Emma Lazarus poem, The New Colossus , inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty, which includes the lines Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore Send these, the homeless, tempest tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door Many associate these lines as symbol of our Country, a welcoming message to immigrants, and a reminder that we re a nation of immigrants However, as Daniel Okrent makes clear in his recent book, The Guarded Gate , our national history hasn t consistently followed that sentiment Recently, President Trump had taken a strong anti immigrant stance during his campaign for President, and made a border wall and limited immigration a big part of his Administration s goals And with immigration such a hot button topic today, it s worthwh This book zeroes in really tightly on the rise of the eugenics movement in the first two decades of the 20th century If what you want is a rigorous critique of eugenics thinking and scholarship, I still think the definitive book is Stephen Jay Gould s The Mismeasure of Man however, what this book does extremely well is demonstrate the ways in which eugenics as an intellectual movement attempting to prove scientifically that there are intrinsic differences between races is not just fraudulent but intrinsically tied to anti immigrant racism Okrent shows how tight the connections were between white anxiety about the pollution of traditionally white elite spaces like Ivy League colleges the terror that Harvard wo Rating 3.
5The Guarded Gate tells the story of the enactment of the 1924 Johnson Reed Immigration Act, which severely limited immigration to the United States from Italy and other southern and eastern European countries by imposing strict and small quotas based on nationality In addition to the impact on Italians who were in disfavor with elites in the US at that point the law particularly impacted Jews in Russia and Poland, as well as German Jews Author Okrent is especially concerned with the 30 year run up to the passage of the law, during which time Darwin s theories and Gregor Mendel s genetic discoveries mutated into an applied science, eugenics, which argued that genetics was racial as well as individual Proponents identified three European races Nordic the good guys good looking , smart, organized, hard wo Okrent gives a well written and documented account of restrictive immigration in the early 20th century, Eugenics and scientific racism which backed it, and the horrifying consequences The immigration law put into place in 1924 put in place a quota system, based on immigration numbers from 1894, which greatly restricted immigration from southern and eastern European countries Asian immigration had been halted in the late 19th century While based on country, it was driven primarily by the concept of race and a desire to protect the Nordic race Britain and Scandinavia in the US and keep it pure This immigration policy remained in effect throughout WWII preventing the immigration of many who were slaughtered I had no idea how widespread and popular Eugenics ideas were in the US during that time The names of well known people who at some level accepted it a

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